Methods To Assist College students Retain What You Taught Them


Strategies To Help Students Retain What You Taught ThemStrategies To Help Students Retain What You Taught Them

by Terry Heick

Reflection is a pure a part of studying.

All of us take into consideration new experiences–the tenting on the automobile journey dwelling, the errors made in a recreation, or the feelings felt whereas ending a long-term challenge that’s taken months to finish.

Under I’ve shared 15 methods for college kids to replicate on their studying. Modeling using every up entrance can go a good distance in the direction of ensuring you get the standard of labor you’d prefer to see all year long–and college students study extra within the course of.

15 Reflection Methods To Assist College students Retain What You Simply Taught Them

1. Pair-Share

Pair-share is a traditional studying technique the place college students are paired, after which verbally ‘share’ one thing that can assist them study new content material, deepen understanding, or assessment what they already know. It may also be used as a fast and soiled evaluation device, because the conversations typically replicate a degree of understanding the instructor can use gauge mastery and plan additional instruction.

2. Sentence Stem-based responses

Sentence stems are nice as a result of they’re like coaching wheels–or to combine a metaphor, instruments to teach college students into considering and talking in sure patterns. For instance, you may implore college students to ‘suppose critically,’ but when they don’t have even the fundamental phrasing of crucial considering (e.g., ‘That is essential as a result of…’), crucial considering can be past their attain.

You can too see our sentence stems for crucial considering right here for different examples (you don’t have to purchase the supplies to see the samples).

3. Layered Textual content

Layered textual content is one thing I’ve meant to jot down about for years and by no means have. A layered textual content is a digital doc that’s full of hyperlinks that talk, properly, absolutely anything: Questions college students have, alternatives for additional inquiry, odd references and allusions that replicate the schema college students use to make that means, and so forth. (Rap Genius does a model of this.)

By including ‘layers’ of that means to a textual content by significant hyperlinking, college students can replicate again on something, from a pre-assessment journal entry that demonstrated their lack of expertise, to a sort of ‘marking up’ of what they discovered when, and from the place.

4. Tweet

140 characters forces college students to replicate fast and to the purpose–nice for transient bursts of reflection or hesitant writers who would wrestle to jot down significant journal entries or essays. In actual fact, you may mix twitter with #6 for twitter exit slips.

5. 3-2-1

3-2-1 is a tried-and-true strategy to body something from a pair-share or journal entry (e.g., ask college students to jot down 3 issues they suppose they know, 2 issues they know they don’t know, and one factor they’re sure of a couple of matter) pre-assessment to a post-assessment (e.g., record 3 ways your essay mirrored mastery of talent X, two methods talent Y nonetheless wants bettering, and a technique you may make your argument stronger within the subsequent 5 minutes) to a mirrored image of the post-assessment.

Learn extra about utilizing the 3-2-1 format for crucial considering.

6. Exit Slips

Whether or not you name them exit slips or exit tickets, asking college students to briefly depart behind some residue of studying–a thought, a definition, a query–is a strong instructing technique. In actual fact, ‘exit-slip instructing’ actually drives how I take advantage of knowledge within the classroom. Asking college students to drop some little bit of reflection of the training course of on a chair by the door on the best way out is a no brainer.

Some examples?

How did you reply emotionally to one thing you struggled with at the moment? What did you discover most stunning about _____? How did your understanding of _______ change at the moment? What about _____ nonetheless confuses you or makes your curious?

7. Write-Round

I really like write-arounds–simple methods for college kids to jot down asynchronously and collaboratively. And the writing fragments college students use don’t should be prose–sure key vocabulary and phrases may help college students replicate, however most significantly in a write-around, assist college students studying from each other as every pupil is ready to learn different responses earlier than creating theirs.

8. Sketch

Whether or not by sketch-notes or doodles, permitting college students to attract what they suppose they know, how they consider their studying has modified, or some sort of metaphorical pathway in the direction of deeper understanding is a superb studying technique for college kids that have a tendency in the direction of artistic expression, and a non-threatening approach for struggling college students to no less than write one thing down on paper you should use to gauge perceive and plan your (their) subsequent step.

9. Podcast

By means of podcasting as a reflecting technique, college students will discuss their studying whereas recording. If you wish to maintain it ‘closed-circuit’ (not revealed), or really push it to a public viewers of some variety will depend on the training and college students and privateness points and so forth.

This may also be merely an audio file recorded and uploaded to a personal YouTube channel that’s shared with academics or dad and mom.

10. Brainstorming

Brainstorming might be an efficient reflection technique as a result of it disarms points with different approaches. For hesitant writers, journaling might not work as a result of the writing course of might overwhelm the training. Podcasting might not work for shy college students, Pair-Share might not work properly if college students are paired successfully, and so forth.

Brainstorming is way easier. College students might take an allotted time to jot down down every little thing they bear in mind a couple of matter. Or, they may brainstorm questions they nonetheless have (issues they’re confused or interested by). They might even brainstorm how what what they discovered actually connects with what they already know by creating an idea map.

11. Jigsawing

Jigsawing is a grouping technique the place a job, idea, or one thing ‘bigger’ is damaged down into small puzzles items, and college students in teams analyze the small puzzle piece, then share out to create the puzzle at giant. Utilizing this strategy for reflection is seamless: Amongst different approaches, you may immediate college students in teams to collect and share questions they’ve (you may group by readiness/capability, for instance) in teams, after which select one query that they weren’t in a position to reply amongst themselves with the entire class (anonymously–nobody has to know who wrote the query).

12. Prezi

Consider a cross between a sketch, collage, and presentation, and you’ve got a prezi. Partaking–although distracting and overwhelming if the reflection you want is minor–reflection device that enables college students to create an artifact of studying for his or her digital portfolios.

13. Vlog

This reflection technique is near ‘Podcasting’ and even has one thing in frequent with pair-sharing. By reflecting by vlog’ing, college students merely discuss their studying to a digicam.

This strategy would achieve success for college kids that love speaking to a digicam, however much less so for others (who, if they’ve to speak in any respect about their studying, might desire podcasting–or just recording audio recordsdata which are by no means revealed.

14. Collage

You would do a traditional collage of studying reflections, however a multimedia collage can also be attainable–possibly a sketchnote with a voiceover recorded as a YouTube video to share as a fast presentation with the category (or absent college students).

15. Journaling

The College of Missouri-St Louis gives 3 sorts of journals that reveal the totally different prospects of the in any other case vanilla-sounding ‘journaling.’

1. Private Journal – College students will write freely about their expertise. That is normally carried out weekly. These private journals could also be submitted periodically to the teacher, or saved as a reference to make use of on the finish of the expertise when placing collectively an educational essay reflecting their expertise. (Hatcher 1996)

2. Dialogue Journal – College students submit loose-leaf pages from a dialogue journal bi-weekly (or in any other case at acceptable intervals) for the teacher to learn and touch upon. Whereas labor intensive for the teacher, this could present continuous suggestions to college students and immediate new questions for college kids to contemplate throughout the semester. (Goldsmith, 1995)

3. Highlighted Journal – Earlier than college students submit the reflective journal, they reread private entries and, utilizing a highlighter, mark sections of the journal that instantly relate to ideas mentioned within the textual content or in school. This makes it simpler for the teacher to establish the coed to replicate on their expertise in mild in fact content material. (Gary Hesser, Augsberg Faculty)

15 Methods For College students To Mirror On Their Studying; picture attribution Flickr consumer woodleywonderworks

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