45 Ocean Info That Will Amaze You

Our Earth is roofed with lovely oceans—however how a lot can we learn about them? Whereas scientists have solely explored a small portion of those our bodies of water, we’ve realized lots from their efforts. What’s a coral reef? Is desk salt the identical as what’s discovered within the ocean? What do oceanographers do? We’ve put collectively this checklist of fantastic ocean information for teenagers to share along with your college students within the classroom.

1. Oceans cowl practically 71% of Earth’s floor.

Ocean facts for kids: oceans cover nearly 71 percent of Earth’s surface.

These enormous our bodies of salt water include virtually 97% of all of the water on Earth.

2. There’s one world ocean.

There is one world ocean.

Scientists and geographers divide it into 5 completely different sections—the Pacific, the Atlantic, the Indian, the Southern, and the Arctic Oceans—however there’s actually just one.

3. Seas are smaller than oceans and are usually partially enclosed by land.

Seas are smaller than oceans and are typically partially enclosed by land.

Seas normally have land on a number of sides. The Mediterranean Sea is situated between Africa and Europe. The Baltic Sea might be present in northern and central Europe. You’ll discover the Caribbean Sea between North America, Central America, and South America.

4. Ocean water is salty.

Ocean water is salty.

Its saltiness comes from sodium chloride, a chemical substance that’s dissolved within the water. Our desk salt can also be sodium chloride however in crystal kind.

5. Oceans are deep in addition to vast.

Oceans are deep as well as wide.

The common ocean is usually a bit over 2 miles deep. The deepest a part of Earth’s oceans, although, is the Mariana Trench within the Pacific Ocean, which is sort of 7 miles deep!

6. The ocean flooring has many ranges.

Ocean facts for kids: the ocean floor has many levels.

This is likely to be probably the most attention-grabbing ocean information on this checklist. The continental shelf, the shallowest half, runs alongside the perimeters of the continents. They decelerate towards the deep elements, that are known as the basins. All the way in which on the backside of the basins are giant, flat plains. Deep cracks within the ocean flooring are known as trenches.

7. Ocean water is consistently in movement.

Ocean water is constantly in motion.

Winds and different forces transfer giant quantities of ocean water round Earth in patterns known as currents. Watch this nice video to study extra!

8. Ocean currents might be heat or chilly.

Ocean currents can be warm or cold.

The heat currents normally deliver heat climate and rain whereas chilly currents usually trigger a dry local weather.

9. There’s life on all ranges of Earth’s oceans.

Ocean facts for kids: there is life on all levels of Earth’s oceans.

Whether or not it’s vegetation that develop close to the water’s floor or animals swimming of their habitat, there are 5 main life zones, and plenty of dwelling issues name our oceans dwelling.

10. There are about a million species of animals dwelling within the ocean.

There are about one million species of animals living in the ocean.

Most of them are invertebrates—animals with out a spine—reminiscent of shrimp and jellyfish. The reality is, although, that the quantity is unknown and scientists consider that 91% of ocean species have but to be categorized!

11. Among the Earth’s smallest animals reside within the ocean.

Some of the Earth’s smallest animals live in the ocean.

Zooplankton are so small that you just want a microscope to see them!

12. The most important ocean animal is the blue whale.

Ocean facts for kids: the largest ocean animal is the blue whale.

In actual fact, it’s the most important animal to ever reside on Earth. It’s so long as two college buses! Watch this superb video to study extra about blue whales.

13. The ocean has areas known as habitats.

The ocean has regions called habitats.

They are often divided into two, really—coastal habitats and open ocean habitats. Distance from the shore, ocean depth, and temperature decide the kinds of vegetation and animals that reside in an space of the ocean.

14. Coral reefs are a sort of ocean habitat.

Coral reefs are a type of ocean habitat.

Coral reefs are among the many most various habitats on Earth! The skeletons of tiny animals known as polyps harden to offer dwelling polyps a house. When polyps die, extra transfer in. Coral reefs are fashioned from hundreds of years of this cycle.

15. Coral reefs are just like the rainforests of the ocean.

Ocean facts for kids: coral reefs are like the rainforests of the sea.

They supply meals and shelter to many sorts of ocean animals. Try this video about our world’s Coral Kingdoms.

16. A lot of the world’s oxygen is created by phytoplankton and algae.

Much of the world’s oxygen is created by phytoplankton and algae.

By way of photosynthesis, they produce about half of the oxygen that land-dwelling creatures (together with people!) breathe.

17. Oceans hold climates steady by storing warmth from the Solar.

Ocean facts for kids: Oceans keep climates stable by storing heat from the Sun.

By shifting water across the globe, oceans hold locations from getting too sizzling or too chilly.

18. About 171 trillion items of plastic are floating on the planet’s oceans.

About 171 trillion pieces of plastic are floating in the world’s oceans.

That’s simply the estimate for plastic floating on the ocean floor—it doesn’t embrace plastic that has sunk beneath the floor! Watch these youngsters take motion towards ocean plastic.

19. Animals on each land and sea eat plastic.

Ocean facts for kids: animals on both land and sea eat plastic.

The devastating fact is that 52% of sea turtles have eaten plastic trash. One expedition discovered plastic within the stomachs of 20% of the fish.

20. Ocean air pollution reduces oxygen within the water.

Ocean pollution reduces oxygen in the water.

Plastic air pollution disrupts the species of micro organism that reside within the ocean and is chargeable for producing oxygen. This is among the most essential ocean information for teenagers you possibly can share. We have to all do our half to guard our oceans!

21. Oceanographers examine the oceans and attempt to hold them wholesome.

Oceanographers study the oceans and try to keep them healthy.

Oceanographers monitor the way in which the water strikes, have a look at the buildings of basins and seafloors, look at the standard of the water, and examine the vegetation and animals that reside in oceans.

22. We’ve solely explored 5% of the oceans.

We’ve only explored 5 percent of the ocean.

Contemplating oceans cowl about 70% of the Earth, now we have an extended technique to go in attending to know our oceans! Will you be the following oceanographer to find an underwater trench or new species of fish? Watch this cool video about ocean explorers!

23. The Pacific Ocean is the most important ocean on Earth.

Ocean facts for kids: The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean on Earth.

It covers greater than 30% of the Earth’s floor!

24. The Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean on Earth.

The Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean on Earth.

Positioned on the North Pole, the frigid Arctic Ocean shouldn’t be solely the smallest however additionally the shallowest ocean. This is among the chilliest ocean information for teenagers!

25. The longest mountain vary might be discovered underwater.

Ocean facts for kids: The longest mountain range can be found underwater.

This one shares information in regards to the ocean and mountains! The Andes in South America span 8,900 kilometers (5,530 miles) and are generally known as the longest mountain vary on land. A a lot, a lot bigger mid-oceanic ridge was discovered underwater, with a size of virtually 65,000 kilometers (40,389 miles). That’s huge!

26. The Ring of Hearth is a area of frequent earthquakes and volcanic exercise within the Pacific Basin.

The Ring of Fire is a region of frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity in the Pacific Basin.

The Ring of Hearth contains many trenches, together with the well-known Mariana Trench, the place the deepest place on Earth is situated.

27. The Atlantic Ocean is barely bigger than half the dimensions of the Pacific Ocean.

The Atlantic Ocean is slightly larger than half the size of the Pacific Ocean.

Despite the fact that it’s the second-largest ocean and reaches a depth of 27,493 toes, the Atlantic Ocean covers nearly one-fifth of the Earth’s floor.

28. The Pacific Ocean’s identify has a chilled origin.

Ocean facts for kids: The Pacific Ocean's name has a calming origin.

Named by explorer Ferdinand Magellan, the identify is derived from Tepre pacificum, which is Latin for “peaceable sea.”

29. The Pacific Ocean borders greater than 50 international locations!

The Pacific Ocean borders more than 50 countries!

This is among the most astonishing enjoyable information in regards to the ocean. Because the Pacific Ocean is so giant, it is smart that it touches so many international locations, together with Australia, Chile, Japan, and the US.

30. The Titanic sank within the Atlantic Ocean.

The Titanic sank in the Atlantic Ocean.

Simply off the coast of Nova Scotia in Canada, the famed ship hit an iceberg and sank. Greater than 1,500 passengers misplaced their lives.

31. The warmest ocean is the Indian Ocean.

Ocean facts for kids: The warmest ocean is the Indian Ocean.

Because of the heat of the Indian Ocean, the water evaporates quicker than different oceans and the heat temperature makes it powerful for phytoplankton to outlive.

32. The youngest ocean is the Southern Ocean.

The youngest ocean is the Southern Ocean.

Fashioned when Antarctica cut up from South America and Australia, the Southern Ocean (also called the South Polar Ocean or Antarctic Ocean) is roughly 30 million years outdated. This course of additionally fashioned the well-known Drake Passage (when you’re sharing these ocean information for teenagers, watch this video of what it’s wish to cross the Drake Passage)!

33. There are 5 named oceans on Earth: the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Southern Oceans.

There are five named oceans on Earth: the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Southern Oceans.

Though scientists acknowledge one world ocean, it’s divided geographically into the 5 named oceans.

34. Sperm whales sleep upright within the ocean.

Ocean facts for kids: Sperm whales sleep upright in the ocean.

The magnificent sperm whale maintains a vertical place throughout its 10-to-15-minute-long energy naps. Doesn’t sound very restful for people!

35. The Atlantic Ocean was the primary to be crossed by each air and sea.

The Atlantic Ocean was the first to be crossed by both air and sea.

Whereas the Vikings and explorers discovered their approach throughout the Atlantic Ocean, ocean liners started crossing within the early 1800s. In 1919, Captain John Alcock and Lieutenant Arthur Whitten Brown had been the first to finish a nonstop transatlantic flight!

36. Oceans soak up carbon dioxide from the ambiance.

Oceans absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

The oceans assist regulate Earth’s local weather by absorbing about 30% of the carbon dioxide (CO2) that people launch into the ambiance.

37. The deep sea is dwelling to bioluminescent creatures.

The deep sea is home to bioluminescent creatures.

It’s estimated {that a} whopping 90% of the animals dwelling greater than 500 meters (1,640 toes) beneath the floor are bioluminescent (light-emitting). This must be probably the most mind-blowing ocean information for teenagers! Creatures generally discovered within the pelagic zone embrace jellyfish, shrimp, squid, and fish.

38. The Indian Ocean covers about 20% of the Earth’s floor.

The Indian Ocean covers about 20% of the Earth's surface.

The third largest of the 5 oceans, the Indian Ocean is about 5.5 occasions the dimensions of the US!

39. The Nice Barrier Reef within the Pacific Ocean might be seen from area.

The Great Barrier Reef in the Pacific Ocean can be seen from space.

It’s, in spite of everything, the largest dwelling construction on the planet!

40. Hydrothermal vents within the ocean can attain temperatures of over 750° Fahrenheit (400°C).

Hydrothermal vents in the ocean can reach temperatures of over 750° Fahrenheit (400°C).

Hydrothermal vents are discovered alongside mid-ocean ridges and launch mineral-rich water that helps distinctive ecosystems.

41. The ocean has underwater lakes and rivers.

The ocean has underwater lakes and rivers.

They kind when seawater “seeps up via thick layers of salt, that are current beneath the seafloor.” Wow!

42. Ocean strain will increase with depth.

Ocean pressure increases with depth.

When you concentrate on it, it is smart—the deeper you go underneath the ocean, the higher the strain from water pushing down in your physique!

43. Big kelp forests within the ocean present very important habitat.

Giant kelp forests in the ocean provide vital habitat.

These kelp forests present shelter, nursery areas, and meals for hundreds of ocean species.

44. The loudest sound within the animal kingdom comes from a whale.

The loudest sound in the animal kingdom comes from a whale.

Thought-about the loudest animals on Earth, sperm whales can produce sounds as loud as 230 decibels—that’s louder than jet engines and rocket launches!

45. Sea ranges have risen about 8 inches since 1880.

Sea levels have risen about 8 inches since 1880.

This rise is on account of modifications in local weather which have triggered the growth of seawater because it warms and the melting of ice over land, reminiscent of glaciers and polar ice caps.

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